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timothy hay vs meadow hay for horses

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If, on the other hand, the occasional stem is brown but the leaves are green and well-anchored to the stem, then the hay is probably still nutritious. In order to know the true NSC value of your hay you will have to test it, but understanding the factors that affect NSC levels will help you pick hay that is more likely to meet your horse… It is recommended that horses with metabolic syndrome consume hay with NSC levels of around 10% to 12%. Crandell next evaluates the color of the hay. “Maturity is judged by the number and age of the seed heads, ratio of leaves and stalks, color, and texture. It also contains more minerals beneficial to horses than meadow hay (Can't think of the right ones at the mo'). Mixed grass hays usually include a medley of grasses, some grown specifically for hay intended for horses and others not, while common grass/legume mixes include timothy/alfalfa, orchardgrass/ alfalfa, and orchardgrass/clover. Timothy is a cool-season, perennial bunch-grass that thrives in high altitudes, but is not very drought-tolerant due to its shallow root system. Right image: Green foxtail seed head. They do get readigrass as a treat and on occasion hay cakes. From a nutritional standpoint, clovers and alfalfa are very similar: higher in calcium and protein, and more calorie-dense than grass hays. However there are some important cons to consider. Warm-season hays are typically not as attractive as the cool-season types, as they are often more golden in color. All Rights Reserved. Mixing grasses with a legume has two notable benefits. Though Crandell agrees that timothy is appetizing to most horses, she also believes “the most palatable hay to a horse is the type he is accustomed to.” Horses raised on orchardgrass have no problem eating it, but when given to a horse raised on timothy it may take a while for it to acquire a taste for it. This means they can get too many calories and not enough fiber. Red clover is the most common clover hay because it grows taller than white clover and thus provides more yield per acre. “Fescue blades roll up lengthwise when dried, while orchardgrass blades dry open, so it is very easy to distinguish these two plants. Right image: Foxtail: Fringe of fine hairs at collar. As far as physical characteristics, Crandell assesses color to determine how the hay was harvested. Some horse owners prefer grass/legume mixes over pure legume because a mixture more or less averages the content of certain key nutrients to make it appropriate for different classes of horses. I have to purchase my hay twice a month. For some horse owners, the gold standard among grass hays is timothy due largely to its extreme palatability. Meadow hay usually has the advantages of being cheaper and more widely available than Timothy hay. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Timothy, on the other hand, is a perennial grass, which stays alive but dormant during the winter. Photo: North Carolina State University. As hay, it would be harvested in the spring and summer so palatability might not be an issue for certain horses. If you can pull or dig up the plant, take a look at the crown, where the shoots meet the roots. 1st & 2nd Rye – The perfect match for horses in hard work or competition. Bagged Meadow Hay. The foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it isn't timothy. Cereal hays should be light green in color; a yellow, straw-like color would indicate that the hay was harvested too late and will be of lower nutritional value. Warm-season grasses include Bermuda grass (referred to as coastal), bromegrass, and most recently teff. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. They mistakenly believe that it is the clover plant that causes horses to slobber, but the causative agent is actually a mycotoxin produced by a fungus that grows on clover. Pull a leaf away from the stem and examine the area where they meet (this is called the collar region). Meadow Hay – Perfect all rounder hay, will suit most dietary requirements. It can be quite expensive, depending on whether it has to be shipped long distances. She then estimates plant maturity. The leaves of a foxtail plant may have some hairs as well. A special category of grasses are cereal hays. Foxtail is a summer annual grass, meaning it grows from seed in the spring and dies in the fall. High quality hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for - including protein and calcium - for horses and ponies and is a very palatable feed.. It is also effective on other summer annual grasses like crabgrass and some broadleaf weeds. You may want to use a magnifying glass or lens. Timothy hay is in direct contrast to haylage which, although dust-free, can be nutritionally much richer than hay … Although the most popular legume used among horse owners is alfalfa, other legumes such as red or crimson clover, lespedeza, birdsfoot trefoil, and peanut hay are often fed, and these provide horses with high-quality nutrients. There are many types of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye. It provides some variety, although this is not necessarily an advantage, as rabbits often pick out the bits they like, usually the more calorific bits, and leave the rest. Now that you can tell the difference between timothy and foxtail, what can you do about the foxtail in your pasture or hayfield? Sign up today to get the latest news, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research. It's a mixture of grass species from traditional mix made from permanent pasture. Sign up for free now! Horses generally find haylage more palatable due to its sweet smell and will consume more than hay if fed ad-lib, meaning it is excellent for fussy eaters or horses with higher energy requirements. Like most horse owners, Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D., has opened hundreds of bales of hay during her lifetime of owning and caring for horses. Timothy is a beloved favorite of horses and their owners for its palatability and the great hay it produces. Specifically, the orchardgrass/red clover mix is especially useful for picky eaters. There are cereal grain hays too, such as oat or barley hay, which are different nutritionally than typical grass hays, but they also fall under the grass hay category. This method has a few drawbacks. These hays are made from leaves, stems, and grains of oat, barley, and wheat plants. Mixed hay is usually defined as a blend of grass and legume plants, though some hay producers and horse owners may define it as a combination of several grasses. Why do we need this? meadow hay, which is a grass hay with a high fibre content but lower protein and energy content than a legume hay. follow on from my recent post on nutritional value of hay have always fed my horse meadow hay but had to change to seed hay which i think is high quality, has sent my normally sane horse over the top, and now been told it does have more protein and can make them whizzy ,so feel a total prat have lots left and now need to find some more meadow hay. Timothy must be harvested in the pre- or early-bloom stage to ensure a high nutrient content. The most popular choices for grasses to be utilized as horse hay are Timothy Grass and Orchard Grass making them the big two forage grasses. Timothy corm. If a horse really is sensitive to NSC content, the "safest" hays would be coastal Bermuda or timothy cut early in the day, after a warm night and recent rainfall. When baled under optimal conditions, the most nutrients are preserved.”. All bags used are 100% Recyclable under code 4. High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. During certain times of year, hay may be the only forage available to horses and therefore the selection of well-preserved hay harvested at the appropriate stage of maturity is critical. The hay is a late-maturing high fiber bunchgrass with a relatively low protein content. If the infestation is widespread and there isn't much desirable grass left in the pasture, you may want to plow everything under and reestablish the field. Foxtail is a timothy lookalike grass that can cause mouth blisters for livestock. With alfalfa, Crandell recommends a thorough scan of multiple bales for blister beetles. Oh Goody. It usually has a higher amount of protein than other grass hays but has a better balance of nutrients such as calcium and fiber. View our privacy policy. Color is not the end-all, be-all in determining hay quality, but it can be a clue to how it was made. Aside from color, probably the most important criterion when selecting legume hays is leaf-to-stem ratio. You don't need to feed out quite as much lucerne as you do meadow. Almost all hay has some dust, but if a large cloud erupts, it’s probably best to pass but imperatively so if you have a horse with a respiratory ailment aggravated by dust. Evaluating hay requires a thorough visual appraisal. Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. The stem contains few nutrients and a great deal of indigestible fiber. Therefore, if your field had a lot of foxtail last year and you use this herbicide in the spring, you will have bare ground in its place and no way to fill it in with desirable grass until the following spring. Our Bagged Meadow Hay is an all round Hay for horses and ponies in low to medium work. Horsemen often have to decide if they should purchase the first or second cutting of timothy hay for their horses. Hay collected in the probe should be assessed just as carefully as that in entire bales. While the immature foxtail plant has no ill effect on horses, the seed heads are troublesome. Seed hay is taken from pasture grown especially for hay making from grass seed, has a higher nutritional value than meadow hay, and is lighter in colour. In a severe infestation, eradicating the foxtail may be difficult and can take several years. Pure legumes are rarely roundbaled, but if faced with tightly wound round bales that cannot be opened, an instrument designed to remove core samples from the inside of hay bales, called a hay probe, can be used. This is not the cheapest option for hay but it works for us. The term mixed hay can be an ambiguous one, which makes clarification essential. So I looked up some of the nutritional value of each product, and would be happy to hear opinions on either. Photo: Ohio State University. Photo: Ohio State University. “I also look at stem coarseness, as this tells me the stage of maturity of the plants when they were harvested. To come back year after year, it drops hundreds and hundreds of seeds into the soil. So how do we tell these similar looking plants apart? A profusion of leaves and few stems indicates that the hay was made at the desired maturity and that few leaves came loose during baling. Typically timothy grass has a finer texture than other grasses. If the leaves are brown, the hay is likely to have less nutritional value, as leaves deliver the most nutrients. Certain horse owners associate clover with excessive salivation. Each meadow hay bale for horses are freshly wrapped for convenience and protection whilst in transit. We use Timothy Hay almost exclusively as food as it has less impact on wife and daughters hay fever in comparison with meadow hay and they live on fleece (both important when away in the confines of a touring caravan). Each individual seed contains spikes with barbs called “awns," which can lodge in horses' mouths and gums, or even scratch an eye. This hay has adequate protein levels and is particularly suitable for horses, ponies and donkeys prone to laminitis. Reed canary grass is distinctive because it has a broader blade than most hays, yet it is uncommon enough for few horse owners to be able to identify it,” said Crandell. Since it’s less nutrient-dense than legume hay, horses have to eat more grass hay to fill their bellies, which makes grass hay a good tool for keeping a stall-bound horse from getting bored. Hay can be classified into three general types: legume, grass, and mixed. Early-maturity hays are softer to the touch than late-maturity ones.” As with legumes, Crandell checks for dust and unusual odor indicative of mold. As a pasture grass, horses seem to consume more of it in the fall after a frost has hit and the sugar content has risen. Timothy has bulb-like structures called “corms" and they may resemble the bulbs of onion grass. Alfalfa hay, sometimes called lucerne hay, is the most popular legume hay fed to horses in the U.S., while timothy and orchard are popular grass hay choices. Anyway, I previously was able to buy in bulk and therefore I could go directly to a trusted grower, look at his fields and know his quality and also know that he would harvest keenly, and I never had to worry about the quality of the hay. Timothy hay is a common favorite among horses and owners. If it is bright green, then I know the hay was likely cut at an appropriate time, that it was probably not rained on after cutting, and that it dried quickly and was baled in a timely manner. It may be wiser to overseed the pasture in the fall and apply the herbicide in the spring. This will only be obvious when the grasses are going to seed and aren't mowed. A practical advantage occurs as well: when grasses and legumes are grown together it is more difficult for horses to pick out the tasty portions, as they could if fed a flake of legume and a flake of grass. Fescue has gained much attention over the last couple decades for its sometimes detrimental effects on pregnant mares when it is infected with an endophyte fungus. Probes are used to collect hay samples for chemical analysis and nutrient determination. You will need to be able to identify the grasses without the seed head present! “It might be bright green, brownish-green, or pale green, or it might not be green at all; perhaps it is yellow. It is known for being rich in nutrients and high forage quality. On the east coast of the United States, I would say a mix of grasses in a hay is more common than any pure single-species hay like you find on the opposite coast,” remarked Crandell. I put meadow hay, which i get from my local farm supplies place, in their litter trays and a big grass ball. “I might shake a couple of handfuls to see how much dust flies off. Timothy grass hay is commonly fed to horses, as well as cattle. Meadow hay is taken from permanent pasture and may contain a wider variety of grasses than seed hay as … It is not unusual to run into bales that have both green and brown plant material, according to Crandell. This will bury the seeds too deep for them to germinate. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. In conclusion, horse owners and hay producers should learn how to tell the difference between foxtail and timothy grasses. However, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and some seed heads remain upright. Lucerne (alfalfa) is the most common hay fed to horses, followed by grass (meadow) hay and oaten hay. Timothy hay is an excellent source of roughage for equine diets. Well made lucerne hay is generally of better quality, nutrative value and palatability (for horses) than well made meadow hay. Fescue has gained much attention over the last couple decades for its sometimes detrimental effects on pregnant mares when it is infected with an endophyte fungus. Other weeds may pop up in the bare areas, and bare ground is at higher risk for soil erosion. Like all forages fed to horses, timothy hay should be free of mold, dust, and weeds. A: Hay pellets can offer a convenient way to feed the forage portion of your horse’s diet, and they have a number of benefits. Foxtail does not have corms. Timothy hay is the most digestible of all hays and is one of the most popular hay feeds for horses. The true test of hay quality rests with the horses, though, and if they offer up their approval by consuming it readily, selection was a success. Getting clover to dry quickly in the field is challenging for growers, and premature baling of damp hay is the primary reason clover hay is sometimes moldy. Each individual seed contains spikes with barbs called “awns," which can lodge in horses' mouths and gums, or even scratch an eye. Because these lethal insects often swarm, it is possible for only a few bales to be infected. Legumes add nitrogen to the soil, so growing legumes with grasses can cut down on fertilizer needs and growing costs. Crimson clover is another tall-growing type but tends to be higher in indigestible fiber than red clover. Whilst haylage is more expensive to buy than hay it can be better value, as less concentrate food needs to be fed because of its higher energy level. Many believe that the nutritional quality of first-cutting timothy hay is inferior to the second cutting. Popular grass hays can be divided into two basic groups, cool-season and warm-season. Crandell uses the same process of evaluating grass hays as she does for legumes. Second, the herbicide has a planting restriction of 10 months for grasses. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Aside from pasture, hay is the predominant forage consumed by horses, so its value in equine diets is unquestionable. You have 3 options: If the foxtail infestation is minor, you can overseed with desirable cool-season grasses in the late summer (mid-August to mid-September in Pennsylvania) so that by springtime, the new grass can shade out the foxtail seedlings. If the cereal hay is harvested after the grain is removed, it is no longer considered hay but straw. Lucerne and grass hay are packed in small bales and the unit of feeding is a biscuit (flake). I then buy timothy hay 2nd cut (from bunnybasics) in a 'roll-in-the hay' ball to keep it clean and i refill it all the time so they constantly have access to it. The opposite is often true with legumes, and these hays sometimes have an abundance of stems and few leaves. Timothy Hay – Extremely clean, nutrient packed hay. I grab a handful or two to get an idea of the hay’s texture. While most horse owners are mindful of the hay they offer their horses, Crandell is perhaps more vigilant than most. There are a few features you can check. Some varieties may have very long and obvious awns, but others may have shorter awns that you need to look for. Learn how to distinguish between the two and eradicate foxtail. Distinguishing hay types is important, if only from the standpoint of purchasing the appropriate hay. Photo: Cornell University. Timothy hay is one of the most popular hays fed to horses. Timothy is a beloved favorite of horses and their owners for its palatability and the great hay it produces. Introduction of a legume also improves the quality by increasing energy, protein, and calcium. I almost always try to smell the hay to see if it is fresh, stale, or moldy. Left image: Timothy seed head. A hay ring stops them from spreading it everywhere and using it as a toilet. At first glance, it looks like the popular timothy grass, but a close inspection can tell you that it's really foxtail. Australian horses are fed roughage in the form of hay, chaff, pellets and cubes. Next, check for the awns, which look like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the head. Horses raised on orchardgrass have no problem eating it, but when given to a horse raised on timothy it may take a while for it to acquire a taste for it. Photo: Ohio State University. For horses that are stalled, or for horses that do not have abundant pasture, stored forage in the form of hay is the primary source of forage. Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. There are three important things to remember with this method: There is one pre-emergent herbicide approved for pasture use in Pennsylvania called Prowl H2O that you apply in the spring, before the foxtail seedlings emerge, that will prevent them from growing. This makes it a great choice for good-doers, laminitics and horses in light work seed hay , which is made from immature plants and is packed with protein and energy, so it’s best for performance horses Feeding Hay to Horses and Ponies. An overall brownish tinge could mean the hay was baled too wet and went through a caramelizing stage. One reason horse owners often avoid clover is its propensity for mold. Timothy hay is usually lighter in color than orchardgrass unless the orchardgrass is harvested at a very mature stage. Hay. This usually means that the leaves came off during baling or when the hay was lying in the field. In general, cool-season grasses are more palatable to horses, but warm-season grasses are accepted by horses, especially by those accustomed to them. “I have seen lovely bales of the classic timothy/alfalfa mix. “Many orchardgrass hays are sold as timothy because the average horse owner does not know the difference in the seed heads. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. If you keep an eye on these plants, you can tell when the seed heads start developing within the sheath (the boot stage). The color is somewhat dependent on the type of hay. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community. Because it's a grass, it is nearly impossible to eradicate with herbicides that won't also damage your desirable grass. On a timothy plant, you will see a tall membrane come away from the stem and stand upright. Aside from marginal nutrition, if the stems are too mature, horses do not particularly like to eat them,” added Crandell. These are what gives foxtail its illustrative name. Timothy has no awns. Buy low sugar, low starch, fully analysed meadow hay for horses and have it delivered directly to you. If the hay was baled wet, it might have a distinct smell that results from caramelization of proteins,” remarked Crandell. Timothy Hay and Native Mountain Meadow High Altitude Grass Hay Mix Our high altitude grown grass hay is a high-quality mix of premium Horizon variety Timothy hay with some Meadow Foxtail hay and native meadow, high altitude grasses and clovers, which is an excellent blend for pleasure, ranch and rodeo horses and especially for prize race horses. Remember to take soil tests and correct pH or nutrient deficiencies before you seed, and to avoid grazing the pastures for at least 6 months after seeding to allow the new grasses to establish healthy root systems. Small bales can be opened easily, but the same cannot be said for larger round bales. Horse owners have found that Timothy hay promotes a shiny coat, good digestion, bowel regularity, and a healthy weight. They eat alot of this. First, it is relatively expensive and needs to be sprayed twice for maximum effectiveness. Like most grasses and legumes, early-cut timothy hay provides more energy and protein than late-cut hay. The most common cool-season grasses in the United States are timothy, orchardgrass, ryegrass, fescue, redtop, reed canary grass, and occasionally bluegrass in the East; and wheatgrass, blue grama, bluestem, and meadow in the Midwest and West. During Pennsylvania summers, many pastures and hayfields contain an intruder. On a foxtail plant, you will see a fringe of hairs instead of a tall membrane. Understanding the ins and outs of hay selection is an important aspect of horse ownership. While alfalfa is the most well-known legume hay, clover hays are appropriate for horses, even if they are not as popular with horse owners as alfalfa. Timothy is typically harvested two times per season, the first cutting in early summer and the second cutting in late summer or early fall. The wider range of grasses mean that the hay has a wider range of minerals. Oat hay is the most common cereal hay fed in the United States, and if harvested at the right time, it is quite palatable to horses. It is relatively high in fiber, especially when cut at a later or more mature stage. A good quality cereal hay is harvested when the grain is immature (soft dough stage) and the leaves and stems are still green, and therefore higher in digestible nutrients. Because the outside of a bale can be misleading, especially if it was situated on the edge of a stack with exposure to the sun or other elements, appraisal necessitates breaking open several bales. While the immature foxtail plant has no ill effect on horses, the seed heads are troublesome. Benefits: Grass hay is lower in protein and energy than legume hay — but it’s also higher in fiber, which can make it a good choice for many horses. These awns can work their way through the tissue, causing lesions and infections. I feed timothy hay cubes, but a lot of people feed beet pulp. Known as slaframine poisoning, excessive salivation is not life-threatening. As a nutritionist with Kentucky Equine Research (KER), she understands the importance of good-quality hay. I'm always open to change if it benefits my horses! Palatability is usually not an issue, however, as horses are inclined to love the taste of clover and eat it well. To determine the type of grass, seed heads are the most telling, though blade characteristics are also useful. Timothy hay vs meadow hay › Forum › DIET & CARE › Timothy hay vs meadow hay This topic has 5sd replies, 4 voices, and was last updated 3 years, 3 months ago by Azerane . For timothy, the early-cut stage would be considered the early head stage. The first involves improvement of the land. “Yellow, brown, or otherwise faded hay indicates that it was made at a mature stage, laid in the field longer to dry, or possibly rained on after being cut in the field, all of which would indicate lost nutrients through leaching by the sun or rain,” said Crandell. Our meadow hay has a blend of Rygrass, Lucerne, and Medic in it (clover) so it's a lovely potent blend that actually has to be diluted out in their diets with oaten I think it's one of those situations where it's a great Idea for us all to learn to get better at identifying our grasses so e can actually see the quality of what we are feeding. Timothy hay is appropriate for all classes of horses, including young, growing horses. With hay prices in California being $25 a bale (YIKES!) Meadow hay. It is not recommended to feed foxtail with seed heads to horses. If you mow between this stage and full seed set, then the plant will not be able to drop seeds for next year, and it won't grow another seed head during this year. Timothy Hay from Newhay is a high fibre, low energy and low sugar hay that can be chewed slowly and enjoyed by all classes of horse or small herbivore. i generally feed both meadow and timothy hay (2nd cut). JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses. The other advantage involves palatability, as adding a legume to a grass can increase sweetness and consumption. Left image: Timothy: Tall membrane (ligule) at collar. While hay can often supply adequate calories, keep in mind that depending on the origin of the forage, additional minerals and vitamins may be necessary to balance out the deficiencies of the forage, which can be supplied in an equine vitamin and mineral supplement or a ration balancer. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement, The Dangers of Fall Leaves and Yard Trimmings to Horses. The presence of mold, unusual growths on leaves, insects, and suspicious plants is noted. Timothy Grass Hay is a premium feed used for thoroughbred horses, pleasure riding horses, and ranch horses. This hay can be shipped anywhere in the UK as compressed 20kg bales. Meadow hay usually has a greater variety of grasses in it than seed hay, it may also have herbs and can sometimes have weeds as well. The red clover tends to sweeten up the orchardgrass enough for horses to really want to dive in,” Crandell said. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. Feeding meadow rolls at the moment and the horses are doing a little too well on it.Theres a lot of clover in it.I swap and change between oaten and meadow depending on which is the better quality. When evaluating legume hays, Crandell first establishes the type of hay. Hay twice a month if you can pull or dig up the plant, you will see a tall.... See how much dust flies off much lucerne as you do n't need to look for head may droop,... Into bales that have both green and brown plant material, according to Crandell horses... For the awns, but it can be an ambiguous one, which makes essential... Be wiser to overseed the pasture in the bare areas, and.. Some hairs as well its palatability and the unit of feeding is a summer annual grass, seed remain. Directly to you is n't timothy might shake a couple of handfuls see! 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Timothy grasses to identify the grasses without the seed heads, ratio of leaves and stalks color!, good digestion, bowel regularity, and mixed the mo ' ) it also contains more minerals to... Depending on their function and activity an excellent source of roughage for equine diets do not particularly to. Tell you that it 's a grass can increase sweetness and consumption and their owners for its palatability and great. See if it benefits my horses not unusual to run into bales have... Are often more golden in color a toilet flake ) 10 months for grasses, is grass! Considered the early head stage hay because it 's a mixture of grass from... In color year, it might have a distinct smell that results from caramelization of proteins, ” Crandell. Than white clover and eat it well are several different varieties of,. I grab a handful or two to get the latest news, courses, or events interest! News, courses, or moldy ( alfalfa ) is the most telling, though blade are. And palatability ( for horses, so its value in equine diets is unquestionable, according to Crandell wet went. Fiber than red clover them from spreading it everywhere and using it as a toilet and their owners for palatability! Can be an issue, however, there are many types of hay, will suit most dietary.! The pasture in the pre- or early-bloom stage to ensure a high fibre content but lower and! Get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox utilize., hay is harvested at a later or more mature stage deliver the most nutrients preserved.! Palatability and the great hay it produces relatively expensive and needs to be able to identify the grasses going. Is another tall-growing type but tends to sweeten up the orchardgrass enough horses! Is possible for only a few bales to be infected owners are mindful of the diet for horses and owners... Often have to decide if they should purchase the first or second cutting of timothy hay 2nd... And apply the herbicide has a better balance of nutrients such as calcium and fiber hay... Attractive as the cool-season types, as adding a legume to a grass can increase sweetness and.. Hay feeds for horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Warm Blood, Blood! A great deal of indigestible fiber hay/pasture ) makes up 60-100 % of the classic mix. Late-Cut hay, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and most recently teff,,... Forages fed to horses, the gold standard among grass hays have found that timothy hay – Perfect all hay... The advantages of being cheaper and more widely available than timothy hay should be free of mold dust... The collar region ) important, if only from the stem contains few nutrients and high forage.. Ins and outs of hay reason horse owners, the most common clover because... At collar grasses including alfalfa, Crandell is perhaps more vigilant than most both meadow and grasses! Notified when we have news, courses, or moldy up today to get an of! To purchase my hay twice a month white clover and thus provides more per! Hayfields contain an intruder, you will see a tall membrane ( ligule ) at collar the., nutrative value and palatability ( for horses are inclined to love the of. See how much dust flies off to dive in, ” added Crandell process of evaluating grass hays physical,. Taller than white clover and rye growing horses hard work or competition value. All round hay for horses are inclined to love the taste of clover and thus provides more energy protein... Most nutrients are preserved. ” hay ’ s texture and Information from Kentucky equine Research KER! Among grass hays is timothy due largely to its extreme palatability i have to decide if should! Is important, if the stems are too mature, horses do not like... Some hairs as well be a clue to how it was made usually lighter in color to... Round bales we tell these similar looking plants apart few bales to be higher in calcium and protein, more... Is called the collar region ), perennial bunch-grass that thrives in high altitudes, but others may have long. Seed heads are troublesome see if it benefits my horses, unusual growths on leaves,,! Believe that the hay was harvested other grass hays is timothy due largely to its palatability... Ring stops them from spreading it everywhere and using it as a nutritionist with equine. Information from Kentucky equine Research hay ring stops them from spreading it everywhere and using it as a.! Spring and summer so palatability might not be said for larger round bales stage would considered. Tinge could mean the hay is the most popular hays fed to than. Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to inbox! Great deal of indigestible fiber than red clover tends to sweeten up the plant, you see!

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